Nice Berlino Berlin photos

A few nice berlino berlin images I found:

Museumsinsel
berlino berlin
Image by abbilder

Berlín_0025
berlino berlin
Image by Joanbrebo
Kreuzberg, Berlín, Deutschland.

Kreuzberg es una parte del distrito de Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg en Berlín, la capital de Alemania. Hasta su fusión en el 2001 con el antiguo distrito Friedrichshain, Kreuzberg era un distrito independiente, colindante al norte con el distrito de Mitte, al sur con el distrito de Neukölln, al este con el de Friedrichshain y al oeste con Schöneberg. El significado de Kreuzberg viene de las palabras alemanas Kreuz (cruz) y Berg (montaña), en relación a un pequeño monte, hoy el parque Viktoria, que está coronado por una cruz latina en la cima. Siguiendo la numeración de los antiguos códigos postales alemanes, se pueden distinguir dos partes en Kreuzberg: Kreuzberg 61, la mayor, y la menor pero más conocida SO 36. Cuando existía el Muro de Berlín, SO 36 estaba rodeada por él en tres de sus cuatro lados, y apareció una cultura propia alternativa a la de Berlín Oeste.

Este barrio de Berlín, tras la Segunda Guerra Mundial, quedó bajo la ocupación militar de Estados Unidos, y posteriormente, del lado aliado, tras la construcción del Muro de Berlín.

Caracterizado durante muchos años por ser un barrio cosmopolita y de gran acción política y sindical, hoy el barrio es una de las zonas de la ciudad en la que hay una mayor concentración de ciudadanos extranjeros, en su mayoría de origen turco que han establecido lo que se conoce como Pequeño Estambul.

Kreuzberg is a part of the district of Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg in Berlin, the capital of Germany. Until its merger in 2001 with the old district Friedrichshain, Kreuzberg was an independent district, adjacent to the north with the district of Mitte, to the south with the district of Neukölln, to the east with the district of Friedrichshain and to the west with Schöneberg. The meaning of Kreuzberg comes from the German words Kreuz (cross) and Berg (mountain), in relation to a small hill, today the park Viktoria, which is crowned by a Latin cross at the top. Following the numbering of the old German postal codes, we can distinguish two parts in Kreuzberg: Kreuzberg 61, the largest, and the smaller but better known SO 36. When the Berlin Wall existed, SO 36 was surrounded by it in three of its Four sides, and appeared an own culture alternative to the one of West Berlin.

This neighborhood of Berlin, after World War II, was under the military occupation of the United States, and later, of the side allied, after the construction of Wall of Berlin.

Characterized for many years to be a cosmopolitan neighborhood with great political and union action, today the neighborhood is one of the areas of the city where there is a greater concentration of foreign citizens, mostly of Turkish origin who have established what Is known as Little Istanbul.

Berlin – Neues Museum – Fragment of a pillar king Seti I. in front of the god Osiris
berlino berlin
Image by Daniel Mennerich
Menmaatre Seti I (or Sethos I as in Greek) was a pharaoh of the New Kingdom Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt, the son of Ramesses I and Queen Sitre, and the father of Ramesses II. As with all dates in Ancient Egypt, the actual dates of his reign are unclear, and various historians claim different dates, with 1294 BC to 1279 BC and 1290 BC to 1279 BC being the most commonly used by scholars today.

The name ‚Seti‘ means "of Set", which indicates that he was consecrated to the god Set (or "Seth"). As with most pharaohs, Seti had several names. Upon his ascension, he took the prenomen "mn-m3‘t-r‘ ", usually vocalized as Menmaatre, in Egyptian, which means "Eternal is the Justice of Re." His better known nomen, or birth name, is transliterated as "sty mry-n-ptḥ" or Sety Merenptah, meaning "Man of Set, beloved of Ptah". Manetho incorrectly considered him to be the founder of the 19th dynasty, and gave him a reign length of 55 years, though no evidence has ever been found for so long a reign.

The greatest achievement of Seti I’s foreign policy was the capture of the Syrian town of Kadesh and neighboring territory of Amurru from the Hittite Empire. Egypt had not held Kadesh since the time of Akhenaten. Tutankhamun and Horemheb had failed to recapture the city from the Hittites. Seti I was successful in defeating a Hittite army that tried to defend the town. He entered the city in triumph together with his son Ramesses II and erected a victory stela at the site. Kadesh, however, soon reverted to Hittite control because the Egyptians did not or could not maintain a permanent military occupation of Kadesh and Amurru which were close to the Hittite homelands. It is unlikely that Seti I made a peace treaty with the Hittites or voluntarily returned Kadesh and Amurru to them but he may have reached an informal understanding with the Hittite king Muwatalli on the precise boundaries of the Egyptian and Hittite Empires. Five years after Seti I’s death, however, his son Ramesses II resumed hostilities and made a failed attempt to recapture Kadesh. Kadesh was henceforth effectively held by the Hittites even though Ramesses temporarily occupied the city in his 8th year.

The traditional view of Seti I’s wars was that he restored the Egyptian empire after it had been lost in the time of Akhenaten. This was based on the chaotic picture of Egyptian-controlled Syria and Palestine seen in the Amarna letters, a cache of diplomatic correspondence from the time of Akhenaten found at Akhenaten’s capital at el-Amarna in Middle Egypt. Recent scholarship, however, indicates that the empire was not lost at this time, except for its northern border provinces of Kadesh and Amurru in Syria and Lebanon. While evidence for the military activities of Akhenaten, Tutankhamun and Horemheb is fragmentary or ambiguous, Seti I has left us an impressive war monument that glorifies his achievement, along with a number of texts, all of which tend to magnify his personal achievements on the battlefield.

Seti’s well preserved tomb (KV17) was found in 1817 by Giovanni Battista Belzoni, in the Valley of the Kings; it proved to be the longest at 136 meters and deepest of all the New Kingdom royal tombs. It was also the first tomb to feature decorations (including The Legend of the destruction of mankind ) on every passageway and chamber with highly refined bas-reliefs and colorful paintings – fragments of which, including a large column depicting Seti I with the goddess Hathor, can be seen in the Museo Archeologico, Florence. This decorative style set a precedent which was followed in full or in part in the tombs of later New Kingdom kings. Seti’s mummy itself was not discovered until 1881, in the mummy cache (tomb DB320) at Deir el-Bahri, and has since been kept at the Cairo Museum.

His huge sarcophagus, carved in one piece and intricately decorated on every surface (including the goddess Nut on the interior base), is in Sir John Soane’s Museum, in London, England; Soane bought it for exhibition in his open collection in 1824, when the British Museum refused to pay the £2,000 demanded. On its arrival at the museum, the alabaster was pure white and inlaid with blue copper sulphate. Years of the London climate and pollution have darkened the alabaster to a buff colour and absorbed moisture has caused the hygroscopic inlay material to fall out and disappear completely. A small watercolour nearby records the appearance, as it was.

From an examination of Seti’s extremely well-preserved mummy, Seti I appears to have been less than forty years old when he died unexpectedly. This is in stark contrast to the situation with Horemheb, Ramesses I and Ramesses II who all lived to an advanced age. The reasons for his relatively early death are uncertain, but there is no evidence of violence on his mummy. His mummy was found decapitated, but this was likely caused after his death by tomb robbers. The Amun priest carefully reattached his head to his body with the use of linen cloths. It has been suggested that he died from a disease which had affected him for years, possibly related to his heart. The latter was found placed in the right part of the body, while the usual practice of the day was to place it in the left part during the mummification process. Opinions vary whether this was a mistake or an attempt to have Seti’s heart work better in his afterlife. Seti I’s mummy is about 1.7 metres (5 ft 7 in) tall.

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